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Chola Kingdom

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    Posted: 25 Jul 2012 at 4:02am

The Chola kingdom called as Cholamandalam was situated to the north east of Pandya kingdom between Pennar and Vellar rivers.

The Chola kingdom corresponded to modern Tanjore and Tiruchirapalli districts.

Its inland capital was Uraiyanur a place famous for cotton trade. One of main sources of wealth for Cholas was trade in cotton cloth.

Puhar identical with Kaveripattanam was the main port of Cholas and served as alternative capitals of Cholas

The earliest known Chola king was Elara, who in 2nd century BC conquered Sri Lanka and ruled over it for nearly 50 years.

Their greatest king was Karikala (man with charred leg) who founded Puhar and constructed 160km of embankment along the Kaveri River.

Efficient navy was the hallmark of Cholas.

Cholas were wiped out in an attack of Pallavas from North.

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