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Mahmud Gawan

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    Posted: 16 Jul 2012 at 4:00pm

He was the Prime minister of Muhammad Shah III between 1463 – 81. The Bahmani kingdom saw resurgence under his guidance. His military conquests included Konkan, Goa and the Krishna- Godavari delta. He divided the kingdom into eight tarafs, each governed by a tarafdar. In every province, Khalisa (tract of land) was set apart for the expenses of the Sultan.

The discontented nobles particularly the ‘Deccan’ (also called Habshis) nobles who resented the rise of ‘Afaqis’ (also called gharibs) or new arrivals from West Asia organized a conspiracy against Gawan (an Afaqi) and had him executed in 1482. After Gawan’s execution, the Bahamani kingdom began to decline and disintegrate.

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