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Mughal Women Jewellery

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    Posted: 15 Jul 2012 at 3:41am

Mughal women Jewellery

A contemporary work, the Ain-i-Akbari, gives a list of ornaments worn by the women of Hindustan. Some of these may be seen virtually unchanged and by this time worn equally by Muslim ladies.‡

The ornaments include the Karanphul (`earflower`), which is shaped like the blossom of love-in-the-mist (Nigella sativa), and Nath (nose ring). The Nath (in the form of a circular gold wire threaded with a ruby between two pearls, or other gemstones)‡

Duarte Barbosa, the Portuguese official explained the ornaments of the Mughal women as in the side of one of the nostrils they used to make a small hole, through which they put a fine wire with a pearl, sapphire orruby pendant. Other types, such as the Mang (worn on the parting of the hair to add to its beauty) and Bali, (a circlet with a pearl worn through the ear) were worn throughout the period.

‡The few images of ladies at Akbar`s court show that the divisions markingIndian and Iranian jewellery may have been observed more clearly than in the case of the emperor`s ornaments. The dancers in the illustration from the Akbarnama of century 1590 are both Muslim and Hindu and wear clearly differentiated styles of jewellery in accordance with their origins. By the time Akbar`s son, Jahangir, came to the throne, fashions at court had undergone a dramatic transformation. Akbar followed the Iranian fashion by having his upright feather plume at the front of the turban.

‡Jahangir introduced his own, softer, style with the plume weighted down with a large pearl. Later,

Shah Jahan , his son turned to Europe for an innovative Jigha, which related to the designs of the Dutch jeweler ArnoldLulls. Lulls supplied jewels to the English court between 1603 and 1606.Shah Jahan also wore jewels by James I in the portraits brought to the court by Sir Thomas Roe.

Edited by AdminKing - 15 Jul 2012 at 3:41am
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